US Ought to Assist Turkey-Azerbaijani Strategic Partnership

The author is a professor within the Division of Political Science on the Mohyla Academy of Kyiv Nationwide College and a non-resident member of the International Coverage Institute at Johns Hopkins College. His newest ebook is “Disaster in Russian Research? Nationalism (imperialism), racism and struggle ”

ISTANBUL

America has been absent from the South Caucasus for the previous decade below Presidents Barack Obama and Donald Trump. However the election of US President Joe Biden opens a chance for the US to help the Turkish-Azerbaijani strategic partnership in what would solely be a win-win relationship.

There are seven components why a Turkish-Azerbaijani strategic partnership is sweet for US pursuits.

First, Turkey is a vital member of NATO and has its second armed power, which, at 437,000, is larger than that of the mixed forces of France and the UK (364,000). Incirlik Air Base has been essential to US deployments to Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan and essential as a transit stopover to and from different areas.

Secondly, Turkey is the one regional participant with boots on the bottom, a alliance with Azerbaijan and the presidential need to play a geopolitical position within the South Caucasus. Turkey can set up navy bases in Azerbaijan.

President Biden is predicted to revive US participation within the Minsk group. This makes Turkey’s presence within the South Caucasus all of the extra essential as it’s the solely actor capable of counter Russia..

Thirdly, Presence of Turkey within the South Caucasus and its help for Azerbaijan is a counterweight to Iran, Russia’s fundamental ally within the area. Turkish management of the Sunni world is a helpful geopolitical ally and various to Saudi Arabia, with whom Washington might have a lukewarm relationship than President Trump.

Fourth, Turkey and Azerbaijan preserve geopolitical cooperation with Israel, a key US ally within the larger Center East. Israeli and Turkish drones each performed an essential position within the defeat of Armenia by Azerbaijan within the 44-day struggle final 12 months.

Fifth, Turkey is the one regional actor endowed with the means, the capacities and the desire to confront Iranian proxies., that are lively all through the area. Turkey has supported the federal government negotiated by the UN and supported the Authorities of Nationwide Accord (GNA) in Libya, whereas France and Russia have supported Marshal Khalifa Belqasim Haftar and its Libyan Nationwide Military (ANL) primarily based in Tobruk. The Turkish military halted Haftar’s advance on Tripoli.

Sixth, Turkey’s strategic partnership with Azerbaijan has constructive repercussions for the US and NATO. Azerbaijan has maintained its independence within the face of Russian navy and diplomatic stress, hybrid warfare and disinformation campaigns.

Turkey, US to offer robust help to GUAM regional group based in 1997, which brings collectively Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova. The 4 international locations have lengthy rejected Russian-led integration tasks in Eurasia and have been robust supporters of cooperation with Transatlantic and European constructions.

Azerbaijan has developed shut relations with NATO and took part in a lot of its NATO-led peacekeeping operations. Turkey may very well be Azerbaijan’s bridge to a deeper strategic partnership with NATO.

In distinction, Armenia has been pro-Russian and anti-Western for the reason that disintegration of the USSR in 1991. Armenia joined the Russian-led Collective Safety Treaty Group in 1993 and Eurasian Financial Union (UEE) in 2014.

For the seventh and final, within the aftermath of the 44-day struggle, Turkish and Azerbaijani affect unfold east into Central Asia. Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan have reached an settlement on the joint exploitation of gasoline fields within the Caspian “Distluk” discipline (friendship in Turkish). Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan are negotiating to extend the commerce capability of the Kazakh port of Aktau to Turkey and Europe.

In each circumstances, Azerbaijan and Turkey present Central Asian international locations with power exports and exchanges to bypass Iran and Russia. The Turkish-Azerbaijani Financial and Power Hall brings main financial advantages to each international locations and will increase Europe’s power provide, thereby lowering its dependence on Russia. This, in flip, helps US sanctions towards the Nord Stream II pipeline and reduces Russian affect in Europe.

The Turkish-Azerbaijani strategic partnership will convey tangible advantages to the US by rising the affect of the West within the South Caucasus and the larger Center East. New US President Backing Turkey-Azerbaijani Strategic Partnership Would Supply Numerous Geopolitical Advantages [21] for NATO, GUAM, Georgia and Ukraine.

* The opinions expressed on this article are these of the writer and don’t essentially mirror the editorial coverage of the Anadolu company.

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